Fatehpur Sikri is one of the architectural legacies of emperor Akbar to the world, such id the beauty and elegance. It has remained untouched for 400 years and its palaces are a remainder of the extravagance to which the Mughals were used to. It is the best example of the amalgamation of the Hindu and Muslim architecture. It is an Ind-Islamic masterpiece.
The fortified ancient city was once the capital to the magnificent Mughal Empire under the reign of Akbar during the period of 1571 and 1585. It is 40 km west of Agra in the state of Uttar Pradesh. It is listed among the World Heritage sites, it is ranked among the mostly visited places in India. It is an enact description of the rich historical culture of medieval Mughal architecture. It is one of the architectural legacies of Emperor Akbar consisting of beautiful palaces, halls and mosques
Emperor Akbar visited the village of Sikri to consult the sufi saint Shaikh Salim Chishti , who predicted the birth of his son, an heir to the Mughal dynasty. When the prophecy came true, Akbar built this mausoleum as his capital, along with a magnificent mosque which is still is use and three places for three of his wives, one a Hindu, one a Muslim and one a Christian. It is surrounded by 6kms long walls, fortified by towers and has seven gate pierced, the site is 1 km wide and 3km long. Sandstone is the material used in the construction of the structure as it is available around Fatehpur Sikhri.
Buland Darwaja: It is also known as the 'Gate of Magnificence' as it is the highest gate in the world, was erected by Akbar to commemorate his win over Gujarat in 1601 A.D. It is the entrance to the palace at Fatehpur Sikri. It has a fine blend of Persian and Mughal architecture. It is made of red and buff sandstone, symmetrical in shape and is topped by kiosks.
Tomb of Salim Chishti: It enshrines the burial place of the Salim Chishti who predicted the birth of the son of Akbar. The tomb is located in the center of the main hall which has a single semi circular dome and the building is enclosed by delicate marble screens on all sides. It has an ivory like appearance and is beautifully carved.
Diwan-i-Khas: It is known as the 'Hall of audience' situated in the north eastern corner of the royal complex. The building in square red sandstone contains four double stored facades, four beautiful kiosks at each corner of the building which are octagonal in shape and it has a circular dome with a inverted lotus at the top. The main hall is composed by joining thirty six brackets arising from the pillar in three tiers forming a circular shape.
Palace of Jodha Bai: The palace is a beautiful amalgamation of opposing architectural styles of the Rajputs and the Mughals. It has a main courtyard around which the entire palace is built. The turquoise bricks used on the roofs of the building add to the brilliance of red sandstone structure.
Mariam-uz-Zamani's Palace: The palace is around a courtyard with a Gujarati influence which is a five storey architectural marvel consisting of pillared pavilions which increases as we go up.