Tuesday, 21 July 2015

The Ellora's

The history of architecture traces the changes in architecture through various traditions, regions, overarching stylistic trends, and dates. Architectural style of a historical building is the expression of solemnity and majesty of a nation. It doesn’t take its place due to accidents but due to social, religious, moral and different conditions it spreads. Each style is actually based upon some principles. It could be affected by its surrounding civilizations. In history each style of architecture undergoes successive development using all the possibilities to achieve perfection.  There is also a period of decline in many architectural styles. It can be due to extinction of a civilization or due to evolution of new styles. History of architecture is like a chain in which each style is connected to previous one.  It is not, like that of Ajanta, the expression of a single belief; rather it is the product of the three principal religions of ancient India. The coexistence of structures from three different religions serve as a splendid visual representation of the prevalent religious tolerance of India.
The Ellora Caves are an impressive complex of Buddhist, Hindu and Jain cave temples built between the 6th and 10th centuries AD near the ancient Indian village of Ellora. It is an archaeological site 29 km (18 mi) north-west of the city of Aurangabad in the Indian state of Maharashtra, built by the Rashtrakuta dynasty. It is also known as Elapura in the Rashtrakuta Kannada literature. The caves are hewn out of the volcanic basaltic formation of Maharasthra, known as ‘Deccan Trap’, the term trap being of Scandinavian origin representing the step like formation of the volcanic deposits. 

There are 34 caves in all: 12 Buddhist caves (500-750 AD), 17 Hindu caves (600-870 AD) and 5 Jain caves (800-1000 AD).The 34 "caves" are actually structures excavated out of the vertical face of the Charanandri hills. The Buddhist Caves were excavated between the 5th and the 7th centuries AD, when the Mahayana sects were flourishing in the region; among these cave 5 is the largest. Cave 10 is achaitya hall and is popularly known as 'Visvakarma'. It has a highly ornamental facade provided with a gallery and in the chaitya hall there is a beautiful image of Buddha set on a stupa. 
The Brahmin caves are mostly Saivite. Kailasa (cave 16) is a remarkable example of rock-cut temples in India on account of its striking proportion; elaborate workmanship architectural content and sculptural ornamentation. It is said that cave 16 have been started by the Rashtrakuta king, Krishna I, and it is dedicated to Shiva and named after his mountain home in the Himalaya, the snow-peak Kailasa. The whole temple consists of a shrine with lingam at the rear of the hall with Dravidian sikhara, a flat-roofed mandapa supported by sixteen pillars, a separate porch for Nandi surrounded by an open court entered through a low gopura. The grand sculpture of Ravana attempting to lift Mount Kailasa, the abode of Siva, with his full might is a landmark in Indian art.
The Jain caves reveal specific dimensions of Jain philosophy & tradition. They reflect a strict sense of simplicity – they are not relatively large as compared to others, but they present exceptionally detailed art works.
The best time to visit Ellora Caves is during the months of October to February (winter season) and from June to September (monsoon season), these are the best time to visit Ellora Caves, as the weather is really pleasant during these months.

Friday, 17 July 2015

Ajanata Caves

Indian architectures has always marveled me, the pomp and glory of each of the monuments with its rich culture and history in itself is astonishing and astounding.indeed i marvel about ineffable geniuses who build those articulately beautiful structures strong enough to exist even to this day.Recently I had a chance of visiting the Ajanta Caves which ensembles the Buddhist rock-cut cave temples and monasteries encompassing some of the worlds most extraordinary wall paintings and the best masterpieces of Buddhist art.
The Ajanta Caves (75°40’ N; 20°30’ E) are situated at a distance of 107 km north of Aurangabad, the district headquarters.The Ajanta Caves were carved in the 2nd century BC out of a horseshoe-shaped cliff along the Waghora River.These caves were discovered by an Army Officer in the Madras Regiment of the British Army in 1819 during one of his hunting expeditions.In all, total 30 excavations were shewn out of rock which also include an unfinished one. Out of these, five (cave no. 9, 10, 19, 26, and 29) are chaityagrihas and the rest are viharas.
Cave 1 is a magnificently painted Vihara (monastery), filled with wall murals, sculptures, and ceiling paintings, that date back to the 5th century. Preserved inside the caves are many masterpieces of Buddhist art. Some reflect the earlier Theravada tradition of depicting the Buddha only in symbolic form such as a throne or footprints. Others, the Mahayana caves, feature colorful murals and statues depicting the life (and former lives) of the Buddha and various Bodhisattvas.

The figure above depicts one of the most beloved bodhisattvas, Avalokitesvara.

The painting techniques at Ajanta are similar to European fresco technique. The primary difference is that the layer of plaster was dry when it was painted. First, a rough plaster of clay, cow dung, and rice husks were pressed on to the rough cave walls. This was then coated with lime juice in order to create a smooth working surface. The dark outlines of the figures were then added followed by a pallete of only 6 colors. The pigments the artists used came from natural resources: red and yellow ocher, crushed green malachite, blue lapis lazuli, etc.

In 1983, UNESCO World Heritage Centere selected the Ajanta Caves to be a part of their preservation endeavors. Today, the caves at Ajanta remain one of the most visited architectural sites in India. They are a living representation of one of the grandest artistic styles in Indian art and history.

Sunday, 12 July 2015

It is rightly said by someone that "it is better to see something once than to  hear about it a thousands times ."

One of the essence of travelling through different cities and places gives us a chance to meet differing kinds of people with different characters, stature, habits, behaviors and many unique characteristics. People of different regions gives us an insight into their culture and tradition. It gives us a new perspective of taking into consideration our customs and values and embrace it with greater importance. Meeting people with different attitude and way of living would make us realize what we are and be grateful for what we are and at the same time help us to learn to be happier with lesser things.

It also gives us an insight to discover things , those which we could never have understood or grasped from the books or varying articles. Getting mixed with the locals and finding out their opinions, learning the local slang, eating local cuisines and immersing in their culture as much as possible helps is learning the real essence of the world. and seeing the scenic beauties of varying surroundings helps us to understand the importance of nature and its relevance in our life. And the incredible wildlife which we come across gives us an understanding of how small we are amidst the creatures of these universe yet so powerful we are....

Thursday, 9 July 2015

A passion when followed helps us to break free of the daily monotonous life helping us leave our daily control freak life. As we each one would agree that our life is total mad race of reaching from place to another, finishing one task to another, getting up and going to bed and there comes an end to the day. So each one need to take a break from this and travelling is a beautiful means for it.

Travelling directs us towards new thoughts, ideas and even newer dreams giving us no time to ponder over our daily dose of worries and tensions. We are able to transform our self into a completely carefree individual and live a few days of our life the way we need. It gives us a chance to reflect upon the life we are living through, the worthiness of our work and gives us chance to take a fresh start or plunge into a new change.

Travelling changes the perspective of looking towards life and ourselves. it helps us to embrace our life with greater passion and enthusiasm at the same time bring about a positive change in our life. It gives us an insight to experience and understand newer cultures, varsity of food, differing clothing and jewelries and many non believable and fantastic fantasies. it inculcates newer regims and habits at the same time encourages to leave behind the older ones.

The most interesting aspect of travelling which i cherish is the memories which we accumulate in this course of the journey. the people we travel with whether family or friends and the the people we meet together make memories for lifetime which is unforgettable and beyond explanation.it helps us to move forward in our relationship with stronger bonds. It helps us to view our life and relations with a different perspective and cement it with stronger bonds. the photographs clicked, the craziness carried out together, the food munched on, the hotels stayed all will just remain in the memories lifelong.

Wednesday, 8 July 2015

Some beautiful quotes which may change the way we all describe, think over about travelling:

Many more would follow. Enjoy them and try to live them people. you will give a new direction to your life which will be more happening and adventures.....

One of the most beautiful experience of my travelling through diverse destinations is that we have not seen anything because there are hundred of things still left out there which we miss, we ignore or maybe which we look over. Even after visiting the same place again and again each time I discover a new place, new sighting or maybe a totally serene scene and think how could i miss such a place last time..
And the question always remains "how could we??"  and i think each one out there must have a experience of this.

Tuesday, 7 July 2015

Hello World........

A beautiful saying i stumbled upon which i would like to share by Mary Ritter Beard
“Certainly, travel is more than the seeing of sights; it is a change that goes on, deep and permanent, in the ideas of living.”

There are three somethings which includes in each one’s journey: beautiful, rough, messes without which each one’s journey remains incomplete. And i think each one of you would agree with me. wandering through the green grass with bare feet, soaking your legs in the clear water, watching the birds flying through the blue skies, looking through the green pastures, climbing through the rocky mountains,laughing out loud with your loved ones, rising with the sunrise and lazing out on sand beach and many more interesting things.

Another quote to proceed with
“Travelling’s not something you’re at. It’s something you do like breathing. you can’t work too much at it, or it feels like work. You have to surrender yourself to the chaos, ti the accidents.”