Saturday, 7 January 2017

Mussoorie:Kempty Falls

One of the most striking water falls in Uttarakhand, renowned Kempty Falls is surrounded by high mountain cliffs, located at an altitude of about 4500 feet above the sea level. The Kempty Falls offers a majestic view as the water falls from a great height which later divides into five streams. It is located on the Mussoorie Dehradun Highway, attracting tourists from all over the country. Kempty Falls has a perennial flow of water  which makes it beautiful picnic spot attracting tourists and photographers and also a place which people do not leave without taking a dip in the beautiful pure waters.

The tourist destination was originally developed by John Mekinan in 1835 because of its excellent panoramic view and natural extravagance. The Britishers organized tea parties at this location during their ruling period and thus the name was derived from Camp-tea. This tourist spot is crowded with people taking bath under the falls, fishing , swimming as well as enjoying the panoramic view. Tourists can also reach a beautiful pond while climbing a few steps in the flow of stream. Located at the footsteps of the falls, the pond is a huge enclosure formed naturally by the stream. The falls which flows through various rocks and enters into the plains. While going down 12 km the hill and after crossing Aglar river, tourists can also reach the Yamuna river.

Kempty Falls is an exquisite natural getaway where we can enjoy the serenity of nature listening to the invigorating sounds of the falling waters.The best season to visit these regions is the summers when the weather is pleasant and charming..



















Monday, 2 January 2017

AGRA FORT


Agra Fort is the only fort in India, where all early Mughal Emperors lived. The fort stands on an ancient site and was traditionally known as Badalgarh. It was captured by Ghaznavi for some time but in 15th century A.D. the Chahman Rajput occupied it. Soon after, Agra assumed the status of capital when Sikander Lodhi shifted his capital from Delhi to Agra. After the battle of Panipat, Mughals recaptured the fort and ruled from here. In A.D. 1530, Humayun's coronation was in this fort. The fort got its present look during the reign of Akbar.

The fort is built on an irregular semi-circular plan with its chord lying along the course of river Yamuna. Its double ramparts are about 21 meter high and have been provided with massive circular bastions at regular interval. A broad deep moat surrounds the semi-circle of the fort. Four gates were provided in the four sides in which the southern gate is called the Amar Singh gate. The other gates are Delhi gate, Elephant gate and Khizra gate. The fort can be seen as a city inside a city. With numerous complex built by different rulers it is a sight in itself.

The Shahjahani Mahal is situated between the white marble Khas Mahal and red stone Jahangiri Mahal and is set transitionally in between these two major residential complexes of two different ages. It is one of the earliest palace in Agra Fort. It has a large hall, side rooms and an octagonal tower on the river side. Jahangir’s Hauz was a monolithic tank used for bathing which is 5 feet high and 8 feet in diameter. On the external surface there is an inscription in Persian which describes it as “Hauz-e-Jahangir”.

The Muhtamman Burj is a beautiful palace whish surmounts the largest bastion of Agra Fort on the river side facing east. It was originally built by Akbar for Jharoka darshan as well as sun worship. Jahangir instituted his chain of justice on its south side. It was rebuilt by ShahJahan in white marble around 1632A.D. It is an octagonal building, five external sides each with a pillar and bracket opening. This burj offers full and majestic view of the Taj Mahal and Shah Jahan spent eight years of his imprisonments in this complex and died here.

The Meena Masjid was entirely built in white marbles by Mughal King Shah Jahan for his personal use. It has a small open court in the front of the three arched prayer chamber. The Nagina Masjid is a private mosque built entirely in white marble, by Mughal king Shah Jahan in 1635 A.D. for the use of the ladies of the harem with court on its three sides. It is two aisles deep with a three arched fa├žade. Three bulbous domes crowned by lotus petals and kalash finials constitute the superstructure. A miniature water tank with cascade is provided in the eastern wall for ablution.

The Diwan-i-Khas is a white marble palace built by Mughal king Shah Jahan in 1635. It consists of two large halls, an outer pillared hall and an inner closed hall, both connected by an archways. Silver and gold works were done on the ceilings by goldsmiths Augustine of Bordeaux. The Takht-i-Tauz (the peacock throne) which was made in 1634, was placed here and was transferred to Red Fort Delhi in 1648. The takht –i-Jahangiri was made of touchstone and is black and shining, is 10’7” long and 6’ thick. Its feet are octagonal. It is monolithic, at the top it gently slopes from the center to its sides like a tortoise back. 

The Shahi-Hammam  also called ghusi-khanah, was originally built by Akbar, later renovated by Shah Jahan. It is closed complex of octagonal halls and rooms, interconnected by corridors with only a few jaali openings on the river side. construction is in brick masonry but pavements are finished in white marble. Walls were in stucco and painted. A ventilator is provided  at the apex of each cupola shaped domed ceiling. There are three deep tanks on the roofs.

 
























Thursday, 29 December 2016

FATEHPUR SIKRI

Fatehpur Sikri is one of the architectural legacies of emperor Akbar to the world, such id the beauty and elegance. It has remained untouched for 400 years and its palaces are a remainder of the extravagance to which the Mughals were used to. It is the best example of the amalgamation of the Hindu and Muslim architecture. It is an Ind-Islamic masterpiece.

The fortified ancient city was once the capital to the magnificent Mughal Empire under the reign of Akbar during the period of 1571 and 1585. It is 40 km west of Agra in the state of Uttar Pradesh. It is listed among the World Heritage sites, it is ranked among the mostly visited places in India. It is an enact description of the rich historical culture of medieval Mughal architecture. It is one of the architectural legacies of Emperor Akbar consisting of beautiful palaces, halls and mosques
Emperor Akbar visited the village of Sikri to consult the sufi saint Shaikh Salim Chishti , who predicted the birth of his son, an heir to the Mughal dynasty. When the prophecy came true, Akbar built this mausoleum as his capital, along with a magnificent mosque which is still is use and three places for three of his wives, one a Hindu, one a Muslim and one a Christian. It is surrounded by 6kms long walls, fortified by towers and has seven gate pierced, the site is 1 km wide and 3km long. Sandstone is the material used in the construction of the structure as it is available around Fatehpur Sikhri.

Buland Darwaja: It is also known as the 'Gate of Magnificence' as it is the highest gate in the world, was erected by Akbar to commemorate his win over Gujarat in 1601 A.D. It is the entrance to the palace at Fatehpur Sikri. It has a fine blend of Persian and Mughal architecture. It is made of red and buff sandstone, symmetrical in shape and is topped by kiosks.

Tomb of Salim Chishti: It enshrines the burial place of the Salim Chishti who predicted the birth of the son of Akbar. The tomb is located in the center of the main hall which has a single semi circular dome and the building is enclosed by delicate marble screens on all sides. It has an ivory like appearance and is beautifully carved.

Diwan-i-Khas: It is known as the 'Hall of audience' situated in the north eastern corner of the royal complex. The building in square red sandstone contains four double stored facades, four beautiful kiosks at each corner of the building which are octagonal in shape and it has a circular dome with a inverted lotus at the top. The main hall is composed by joining thirty six brackets arising from the pillar in three tiers forming a circular shape.


Palace of Jodha Bai: The palace is a beautiful amalgamation of opposing architectural styles of the Rajputs and the Mughals. It has a main courtyard around which the entire palace is built. The turquoise bricks used on the roofs of the building add to the brilliance of red sandstone structure.

Mariam-uz-Zamani's Palace: The palace is around a courtyard with a Gujarati influence which is a five storey architectural marvel consisting of pillared pavilions which increases as we go up.